The southeast is crowned with the great Vatnajökull glacier that stretches along the coast. The coast has steep cliffs and rugged mountains that the glacier has sculptured through the centuries, with lovely sand beaches in between them. There are few communities in the southeastern part of the country, mainly because of the absence of good harbour conditions.
There is only one settlement, Kirkjubæjarklaustur, between Höfn í Hornafirði and Vík í Mýrdal, at a distance of 272 km along the coast. The climate is relatively wet in this area and there is neither much snow nor frost in the winter. Although this part of Iceland has been very difficult to travel through the ages the current roads are good and there are quite regular flights as well. The Dyrhólaey promontory and numerous craters and fissures, such as Mt. Hekla and Eldgjá fissure, are worthy of the travelers attention.
The glaciers and the glacier lagoon, the beautiful landscapes and dramatic nature are among the highlights of the area along with the notorious Gullfoss waterfall and Geysir hot spring. The main towns and villages on the southwestern shore are Hveragerði, Selfoss, Hella and Hvolsvöllur.